Mount Kailash, also known as Mount Kailash, is a sacred and mysterious peak located in the far south-western part of Tibet in the Kailash range of the Trans-Himalaya. It is one of the most revered and revered mountains in the world, revered by many religions, and steeped in myth and legend. Mount Kailash’s unique features, spiritual significance and the stories surrounding it make it an extraordinary and mysterious place.

Geography and Formation:

Mount Kailash stands at an altitude of 6,638 meters (21,778 ft) above sea level and is considered one of the most challenging peaks to climb. Despite its formidable height and rugged terrain, it is not renowned for its climbing challenges. Rather, its importance arises from its distinctive shape and spiritual significance.

This remarkable mountain is made of black granite and has a distinctive pyramid shape with four steep, nearly-vertical surfaces that align with the cardinal points of the compass. It is the source of several major rivers of Asia, including the Indus River, the Brahmaputra River, the Sutlej River, and the Karnali River. These rivers flow through the areas around Mount Kailash and are important for the livelihood of millions of people.

Spiritual Importance:

Mount Kailash is an extremely sacred place for various religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and the ancient Bon religion. It is considered to be the abode of Lord Shiva in Hinduism, Buddha Demchok in Buddhism and Lord Arhat Nemi in Jainism. For followers of the Bon religion, it is the spirit-mountain, representing the axis of the world.

Hindu beliefs:

In Hinduism, Mount Kailash is considered an earthly manifestation of Mount Meru, the mythological center of the universe. Lord Shiva, one of the major deities of Hinduism, is said to reside on the peak of Kailash with his consort Parvati. Pilgrims believe that circumambulating the mountain, known as Kailash Parikrama, purifies the soul and provides spiritual enlightenment.

Buddhist significance:

For Buddhists, Mount Kailash is associated with Buddha Demchok, a wrathful deity who represents the transformation of worldly desires into spiritual enlightenment. The pilgrimage around Kailash, known as Kora, is an essential part of Tibetan Buddhist traditions, and many Buddhists from Tibet, Nepal and beyond make this sacred journey.


In Jainism, Mount Kailash is considered to be the location of Ashtapada, a mythological mountain associated with the god Arhat Nemi. It is a place of immense spiritual importance for Jain pilgrims who undertake a pilgrimage (pilgrimage) to the mountain.

Bon religion:

The Bon religion, which predates Tibetan Buddhism, believes that Mount Kailash is the earthly manifestation of the sacred Mount Yungdrung Gu Tse. Bonpo pilgrims also circumambulate the mountain in a clockwise direction.

Tibet. Mount Kailash. North face

Pilgrimage and mystical stories:

The journey to Mount Kailash is difficult, with the nearest major city, Darchen, being over 1,000 kilometers away from the nearest airport in Lhasa, Tibet. Pilgrims perform the Kailash Parikrama, a ritual circumambulation of the mountain, which can take several days to complete. It is believed that by doing this parikrama, the sins of the whole life are erased and spiritual knowledge is attained.

One of the most mysterious aspects of Mount Kailash is the fact that it has never been climbed. Climbing the mountain is prohibited by the Chinese government that controls the area, and local religious beliefs also strongly discourage it. Due to this, Mount Kailash has become one of the few untouched peaks in the world, making its aura mysterious.

Mount Kailash is surrounded by many mysterious stories and legends. One such legend tells of a Buddhist saint who was determined to climb the mountain but the mysterious powers of the mountain thwarted him. The mountain is also associated with stories of divine beings and divine encounters, further emphasizing its spiritual significance.

Natural Miracle:

Beyond its spiritual significance, Mount Kailash and the surrounding area are renowned for their natural beauty and extraordinary landscapes. The summit itself is a wonderful sight, with its distinctive black granite surface, especially when bathed in the soft, golden light of sunrise or sunset. The surrounding area contains ancient lakes, including Lake Manasarovar, considered a source of purity, and Rakshastal Lake, which is often associated with evil in Hinduism.

The area is also home to an abundance of wildlife, including the rare snow leopard, Tibetan antelope and various bird species. The sheer beauty of the high-altitude Tibetan Plateau with its wide, open spaces and dramatic terrain adds to the wonder of the region.



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